Roof in the UK has gone through several trends and products over the years, and today, much of these traditional trends can still be seen on structures throughout the nation, specifically listed and safeguarded historic properties. While these roof patterns might not be as popular as they were centuries ago when listed structures were first constructed, traditions have actually been upheld to make sure any repair work made to them do not eliminate from their timeless aesthetic appeal.
The History of Roofing in the UK
Roofing systems on UK residential or commercial properties were traditionally made with the materials that were available to hand at the time, and in lots of locations, this was initially thatch. Thatched roofings used several benefits and the products were easy to acquire and procedure anywhere your home remained in the nation. However, the Great Fire of Southwark, London broke out in 1212 and changed many individuals minds on the continuation of using thatch. Even though it had actually already been banned within the capital city in a guideline going back to 1189, wood residential or commercial properties constructed with overhanging thatch roofings caused the greatest spread of the fire and this led to a change in the materials used for developing properties and shops moving on.
After the persistence of using various prevalent roofing product, roofing trends started to move towards tougher products and clay, stone and slate were the most popular. That being stated, the material used on your roof in the early days would quite depend upon your location in the country, for instance, the schedule of raw materials for developing clay roof tiles depended on an area being near to water– such as a river or the coast. Large clay deposits in the South East and Midlands affected a greater number of clay-tiled roofings while access to more difficult slate in the North and in Wales made slate tiled roofing systems more popular.
Clay tiles had actually been used prevalently during the Roman reign, however as the Romans left Britain so did their techniques and practices for making clay tiles, blazing a trail for use of thatch for roof which was much easier for typical folk to harvest and procedure.
It was only in the 19th Century, when the modern-day train was presented to Britain, that materials and minerals begin moving the country in greater quantities, making it simpler for various roof products to be used in places they weren’t commonly discovered.
Modern-day roofing patterns now include a wide range of materials and types with an increasing motivation for roofs that offer energy efficiency and security versus severe weather forces. Many homeowner select to set up solar panels on their roofs to offset their energy expenses while others use cheaper, more resilient materials including steel and concrete.
Traditional Roofing Methods
Even back in the early days of roofing, individuals were selective over the products they used as they wished to attain a number of things: waterproofing, warmth, security from bugs and a barrier against the components. This is what resulted in the list below products to rise in popularity and be used throughout many properties at the peak of their use:
Thatched roofings are used straws, reeds, yards and heathers that have actually been cut, dried and bundled into ‘yelms’. These are thoroughly used up to the roofing system and attached using twisted hazel sticks referred to as ‘spars’. The thatch caught pockets of air between yelms, offering improved insulation against the cold outside air. When laid with the correct pitch, thatched roofs filtered rainwater quickly away from the home, avoiding leakages and pooling. Although thatched roofing systems were frequently blamed for spreading fires rapidly in between structures– efficiently installed thatch burns quite slowly and fires were frequently caused due to inadequately set up burners, chimneys and flues.
While thatch is still seen on a lot of rural residential or commercial properties, the practice is under fire and, due to the Plant Variety and Seeds Act 1964, has actually limited access to the quality products that thatchers requirement to faithfully recreate the standard methods of thatched roofings. This has also caused the repair and maintenance expenses of thatched roofs to skyrocket, making it a relatively not practical option for numerous house owners.
Clay tiles are an incredibly popular roof approach– still frequently seen today– however, the approaches for making these clay tiles have changed considerably as technology advances. Old clay tiles, that were handmade, were subject to natural imperfections such as warping and twisting during the firing procedure. This indicated that handmade clay tiles set up on roofs could be challenging to lay flat and this frequently results in leaks and holes. Today, clay tiles can be mass-produced with really little variation in between the tiles, making sure a protective barrier versus the components and promoting the standard look.
Clay stays a popular roofing product today as it is cost-effective, provides sturdiness versus the generally wet British weather condition, is fire-resistant and reliable. The iconic red clay tile has even end up being something of a British symbol itself and can be seen on homes, city structures and even castles throughout the UK.
Slate isn’t the only stone product that is frequently discovered on British roofing systems; in fact, there were a lot of various stones used over the centuries– from metamorphic slates to limestones and sandstones. Historic practices of using stone tiles were to fashion each tile into a thin, roughly rectangular shape and then overlay these with big overlapping areas to prevent wetness and water from going into the roofing space.
Metamorphic rock like slate naturally forms in layers before experiencing remarkable heat and pressure which makes them extremely strong, it can then be divided into specific thin and strong tiles which are perfect for usage in roofing.
Today’s slate tends to be a mix of slate and other comparable materials squashed into an aggregate (small pieces) before it is reformed into uniform tiles. It doesn’t rather follow the traditional slate roof technique and as such has actually watered down the traditional slate roofing meaning.
When you are looking for trusted roof services in London, don’t choose an inexpensive service.
Your roofing, whether standard or contemporary, requires care and cautious maintenance to ensure it lasts and sufficiently safeguards you, your household and your valuables from the aspects.
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